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melamine 108-78-1 MSDS
Name: Melamine Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2,4,6-Triamino-S-Triazine; Aero; Cyanuramide; Cyanurotriamide; Cyanurotriamine; Cyme
CAS: 108-78-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Melamine Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2,4,6-Triamino-S-Triazine; Aero; Cyanuramide; Cyanurotriamide; Cyanurotriamine; Cyme

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
108-78-1 Melamine 99% 203-615-4
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause irritation and/or dermatitis.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
May cause cancer according to animal studies. May cause reproductive and fetal effects.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Wash area with soap and water. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed.
Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Solid
Appearance: white
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 50 mm Hg @ 315 C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: sublimes
Freezing/Melting Point: < 250 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.573 @ 250C
Molecular Formula: C3H6N6
Molecular Weight: 126.0822

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, dust generation, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents; strong acids.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, cyanide fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 108-78-1: OS0700000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 108-78-1: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 3248 mg/m3; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3296 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 3161 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = >1 gm/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Melamine - IARC: Group 3 carcinogen See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
No information available.
IMO
No information available.
RID/ADR
No information available.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases:
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 108-78-1: 1
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
Canada
CAS# 108-78-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 108-78-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 108-78-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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