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1,3-phenylenediamine
CAS No.: 108-45-2
Synonyms:
Formula: C6H8N2
Exact Mass: 108.06900
Molecular Weight: 108.14100
PSA: 52.04000
LogP: 2.01340
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1,3-phenylenediamine 108-45-2 MSDS
Name: m-Phenylenediamine 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 1,3-Diaminobenzene
CAS: 108-45-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:m-Phenylenediamine 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:1,3-Diaminobenzene

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
108-45-2 m-Phenylenediamine >99 203-584-7
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases: 23/24/25 36 43 50/53 68

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Irritating to eyes. May cause sensitization by skin contact. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Possible risk of irreversible effects.The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation. May result in corneal injury.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
May cause liver and kidney damage.
Inhalation:
Dust is irritating to the respiratory tract.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Store protected from light.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store protected from light.
Store in a cool, dry area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 108-45-2: Belgium - TWA: 0.1 mg/m3 VLE Japan: 0.1 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 0.1 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 0.1 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Solid
Color: brown-yellow
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 282-284 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 63-65 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: Not available.
Molecular Formula: C6H4(NH2)2
Molecular Weight: 108.14

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Unstable in air.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, dust generation.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 108-45-2: SS7700000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 108-45-2: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 uL Severe; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 67700 ug/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 437 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 280 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
m-Phenylenediamine - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 0.028 mg/L; 96 Hr.; UnspecifiedFish: Rainbow trout: LC50 =3.9 mg/L; 96 Hr.; UnspecifiedFish: Goldfish: LC50 =5.74 mg/L; 48 Hr.; UnspecifiedWater flea Daphnia: EC50 = 3.9 mg/L; 48 Hr.; UnspecifiedThe product is chemically identically to the natural amino acid L-Serine and can therefore be degraded microbiologically.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: PHENYLENEDIAMINES
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1673
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: PHENYLENEDIAMINES (O-, M-, P-)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1673
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: PHENYLENEDIAMINES
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1673
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases:
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
R 36 Irritating to eyes.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Safety Phrases:
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water.
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and
gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 60 This material and its container must be
disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 108-45-2: 2
Canada
CAS# 108-45-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 108-45-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 108-45-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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