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|Name:||Ethylene glycol Material Safety Data Sheet|
|Synonym:||1,2-Dihydroxyethane; 1,2-Ethanediol; Ethylene alcohol; Ethylene dihydrate|
Synonym:1,2-Dihydroxyethane; 1,2-Ethanediol; Ethylene alcohol; Ethylene dihydrate
Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Risk Phrases: 22
Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Harmful if swallowed.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Potential Health Effects
May cause moderate eye irritation.
May cause skin irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
May cause nausea and vomiting.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Heated or misted substance may cause headache, irregular eye movements, and possible coma.
May cause kidney injury.
Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed.
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Notes to Physician:
Ethanol may inhibit methanol metabolism.
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Water or foam may cause frothing. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Provide ventilation.
Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 107-21-1: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 20 ppm TWA (vapor); 52 mg/m3 TWA (vapo 10 mg/m3 TWA (particulate) United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 40 ppm STEL (vapor); 104 mg/m3 STEL (vapor); 30 mg/m3 STEL (particulate) Belgium - TWA: 20 ppm VLE; 52 mg/m3 VLE Belgium - STEL: 40 ppm VLE; 104 mg/m3 VLE France - VLE: 50 ppm VLE (vapor); 125 mg/m3 VLE (vapor) Germany: 10 ppm TWA; 26 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Malaysia: 39.4 ppm Ceiling (aerosol); 100 mg/m3 Ceiling (aerosol) Netherlands: 40 ppm STEL; 104 mg/m3 STEL Netherlands: 20 ppm MAC (fume); 52 mg/m3 MAC (fume); 10 mg/m3 MAC (droplets) Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA (aerosol, particulate, mist) Spain: 20 ppm VLA-ED; 52 mg/m3 VLA-ED Spain: 40 ppm VLA-EC; 104 mg/m3 VLA-EC Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: .05 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Viscosity: 21cP @ 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 195 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -13 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 410 deg C ( 770.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 111 deg C ( 231.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 3.20 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 15.30 vol %
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.1200g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C2H6O2
Molecular Weight: 62.06
Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Moisture, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Chlorosulfonic acid, dimethyl terephthalate, oleum, phosphorus pentasulfide, silvered-copper wire, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, titanium butoxide. Causes ignition at room temperature with chromium trioxide, potassium permanganate, and sodium peroxide. Causes ignition at 100C with ammonium dichromate, silver chlorate, sodium chloride, and uranyl nitrate.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
CAS# 107-21-1: KW2975000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 107-21-1: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/1H Mild; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 0.012 ppm/3D; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1440 mg/6H Moderate; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 5500 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 4700 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 9530 uL/kg.
Ethylene glycol - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Fish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 41000 mg/L; 96 Hr.; UnspecifiedFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 27500-41000 mg/L; 96 Hr.; UnspecifiedFish: Goldfish: LC50 = 27500-41000 mg/L; 96 Hr.; UnspecifiedWater flea LC50 = 46300 mg/L; 48 Hr.; UnspecifiedBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 =620 mg/L; 30 minutes; Microtox testGoldfish LD50= >5000mg/L/24Hr Guppies LC50= 493,000ppm/7D Shrimp (salt water) LC50= >100ppm/48Hr
Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
USA RQ: CAS# 107-21-1: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ
Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 107-21-1: 0
CAS# 107-21-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 107-21-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 107-21-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION