Chloroacetonitrile
CAS No.: 107-14-2
Synonyms:
Formula: C2H2ClN
Exact Mass: 74.98760
Molecular Weight: 75.49700
PSA: 23.79000
LogP: 0.74878
Chloroacetonitrile 107-14-2 MSDS
Name: Chloroacetonitrile 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Acetonitrile, chloro-; alpha-Chloroacetonitrile; 2-Chloroacetonitrile; Chloromethyl cyanide; Monochloroacetonitrile; Monochloromethyl cyanid
CAS: 107-14-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Chloroacetonitrile 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Acetonitrile, chloro-; alpha-Chloroacetonitrile; 2-Chloroacetonitrile; Chloromethyl cyanide; Monochloroacetonitrile; Monochloromethyl cyanid

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
107-14-2 Chloroacetonitrile 98+ 203-467-0
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 23/24/25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes moderate eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.
Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Skin:
Causes mild skin irritation. May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Causes redness and pain. Substance is readily absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause headache.
Inhalation:
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. May cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and central nervous system depression. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Harmful if inhaled.
Chronic:
Chronic exposure may cause degenerative lesions of the heart, liver, and kidneys. Chronic inhalation may cause damage to the respiratory tract and bronchi which may result in dealth.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Wash mouth out with water.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Absorption of this product into the body may cause cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood).
Moderate degrees of cyanosis need to be treated only by supportive measures: bed rest and oxygen inhalation. If cyanosis is severe, intravenous injection of Methylene Blue, 1mg/kg of body weight may be of value.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas.
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 107-14-2: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless to pale yellow
Odor: Pungent
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 11.5 mbar @ 20 deg
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 124 - 126 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: 56 deg C ( 132.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: soluble in hydrocarbons, alcohols, chlor
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.1930g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C2H2ClN
Molecular Weight: 75.50

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong reducing agents, strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 107-14-2: AL8225000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 107-14-2: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 20 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 139 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 220 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 71 uL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Chloroacetonitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: CHLOROACETONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1 (3)
UN Number: 2668
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: CHLOROACETONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1 (3)
UN Number: 2668
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: CHLOROACETONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2668
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 107-14-2: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 107-14-2 is listed on Canada's NDSL List.
CAS# 107-14-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 107-14-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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