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acrylonitrile 107-13-1 MSDS
Name: Acrylonitrile Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: ACN; Propenenitrile; Vinyl cyanide; AN
CAS: 107-13-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Acrylonitrile Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:ACN; Propenenitrile; Vinyl cyanide; AN

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
107-13-1
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases:

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Irritating to skin. May cause cancer.Highly flammable.Light sensitive.Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes severe eye irritation. May result in corneal injury.
Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears). Causes redness and pain.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. Toxic in contact with skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Symptoms may include: headache, excitement, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stupor, and coma.
Inhalation:
May be fatal if inhaled. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood). May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema. Exposure to high concentrations may cause weakness, asphyxia, and death.
Chronic:
May cause cancer in humans. Prolonged skin contact results in systemic toxicity and ulceration after a latency period of several hours with the affected skin resembling a second degree thermal burn.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Antidote: Always have a cyanide antidote kit on hand when working with cyanide compounds. Get medical advice to use.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Flammable Liquid.
Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.
Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. May polymerize explosively when involved in a fire.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use process enclosure, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to control airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. See 29CFR 1910.1045 for regulations applying to all occupational exposures to acrylonitrile.
Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: Mild odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 120 mbar @20C
Viscosity: 0.4cP
Boiling Point: 77.3 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -83.55 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 480 deg C ( 896.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 23 deg F ( -5.00 deg C)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.8
Explosion Limits, upper: 28.0
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: in water: 73.5g/l(20C)
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.8060
Molecular Formula: C3H3N
Molecular Weight: 53.0277

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable. However, it may undergo explosive polymerization if uninhibited.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents, acids, bases, copper, copper alloys, heat, light, bromine, silver nitrate, benzyl trimethylammonium hydroxide, peroxides.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: May occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 107-13-1: AT5250000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 107-13-1: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = 202 mg/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg Severe; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 333 ppm/4H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 27 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 78 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 63 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 148 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Acrylonitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 28mg/L; 24HFish: Fathead Minnow: 10,000ug/L; 96H; Flow-throughDaphnia: Water Flea: 13mg/L; 24H

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: ACRYLONITRILE, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1093
Packing Group: I
IMO
Shipping Name: ACRYLONITRILE, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1093
Packing Group: I
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: ACRYLONITRILE, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1093
Packing group: I

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
R 38 Irritating to skin.
R 45 May cause cancer.
Safety Phrases:
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
before use.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 107-13-1: 3
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
United Kingdom Maximum Exposure Limits
Canada
None of the chemicals in this product are listed on the DSL/NDSL list.
CAS# 107-13-1 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 107-13-1: OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 2 ppm;Skin
OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 2 ppm (4.3 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 0.5 mg/m3;STEL 2.5 mg/m3
OEL-DENMARK:TWA 2 ppm (4 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-FINLAND:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);STEL 4 ppm;Skin;CAR
OEL-FRANCE:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);STEL 15 ppm;CAR
OEL-GERMANY;Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-HUNGARY:STEL 0.5 mg/m3;Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-INDIA:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-JAPAN:TWA 2 ppm (4.3 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 4 ppm (9 mg/m3);STEL 10 ppm;Skin
OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 20 ppm (45 mg/m3);Skin
OEL-POLAND:TWA 10 mg/m3
OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 2 ppm;STEL 0.5 mg/m3;Skin
OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);STEL 6 ppm;Skin;CAR
OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 2 ppm (4.5 mg/m3);Skin;Carcinogen
OEL-TURKEY:TWA 20 ppm (45 mg/m3;Skin
OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 2 ppm (4 mg/m3);Skin
OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV
OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 107-13-1 is not listed on the TSCA inventory.
It is for research and development use only.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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