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ampicillin

CAS No.: 69-53-4
Synonyms:
Formula: C16H19N3O4S
Exact Mass: 349.11000
Molecular Weight: 349.40500
PSA: 138.03000
LogP: 1.34720
Reference Price: $393/kg Post Buying Request
Description Feedback
Ampicillin is an antibiotic used to prevent and treat a number of bacterial infections. It is used to treat respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis, salmonellosis, and endocarditis. It may also be used to prevent group B streptococcal infection in newborns. It is used by mouth, by injection into a muscle, or intravenously. Like all antibiotics, it is not useful for the treatment of viral infections.
Common side effects include rash, nausea, and diarrhea. It should not be used in people who are allergic to penicillin. Serious side effects may include Clostridium difficile colitis or anaphylaxis. While usable in those with kidney problems the dose may need to be decreased. Its use during pregnancy and breastfeeding appear to be generally safe.
Ampicillin was developed in 1961. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system. Its wholesale cost in the developing world is between US$0.13 and 1.20 for a vial of the intravenous solution as of 2014. In the United States, it is available as a generic medication and 10 days of treatment costs about $13.

Properties Feedback
Appearance & Physical State:Crystalline Solid
Density:1.45 g/cm3
Melting Point:208ºC
Boiling Point:683.9ºC at 760 mmHg
Flash Point:367.4ºC
Stability:Stable, but may be moisture sensitive. Incopmpatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Storage Condition:2-8ºC

Safety Info Feedback
RTECS:XH8425000
Safety Statements:S22-S26-S36/37
HS Code:2941109200
Packing Group:I; II; III
WGK Germany:2
Risk Statements:R36/37/38; R42/43
Hazard Codes:Xn


Synthesis Route Total: 13 Synthesis Route
 
551-16-6
~94%
69-53-4
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551-16-6
700-63-0
~84%
875-74-1
69-53-4
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