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Description Feedback
Creatine is a nitrogenous organic acid that occurs naturally in vertebrates and helps to supply energy to all cells in the body, primarily muscle. This is achieved by increasing the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Early analysis showed that human blood is approximately 1% creatine, and the highest concentrations are found in animal blood, brain (0.14%), muscle (0.50%), and testes (0.18%). The liver and kidney contain approximately 0.01% creatine.
Creatine was identified in 1832 when Michel Eugène Chevreul isolated it from the basified water-extract of skeletal muscle. He later named the crystallized precipitate after the Greek word for meat, κρέας (kreas).
Apart from its pharmacological effects, creatine content (as a percentage of crude protein) can be used as an indicator of meat quality.
In solution, creatine is in equilibrium with creatinine. Creatine is a derivative of the guanidinium cation.

Properties Feedback
Appearance & Physical State:Very light, yellow colored liquid.
Melting Point:295ºC (dec.)
Boiling Point:271.6ºC at 760mmHg
Flash Point:118.1ºC
Refractive Index:1.506 (20ºC)
Stability:Stable in range pH 6-8; to light and heat.
Storage Condition:Store at RT.

Safety Info Feedback
Safety Statements:S26-S36
HS Code:2925290090
WGK Germany:3
Risk Statements:R36/37/38
Hazard Codes:Xi


Synthesis Route Total: 22 Synthesis Route
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