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Description Feedback
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma. It is a terpenoid with the chemical formula C10H16O. It is found in the wood of the camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora), a large evergreen tree found in Asia (particularly in Sumatra, Indonesia and Borneo) and also of the unrelated kapur tree, a tall timber tree from the same region. It also occurs in some other related trees in the laurel family, notably Ocotea usambarensis. The oil in rosemary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis), in the mint family, contains 10 to 20% camphor, while camphorweed (Heterotheca) only contains some 5%. Camphor can also be synthetically produced from oil of turpentine. It is used for its scent, as an ingredient in cooking (mainly in India), as an embalming fluid, for medicinal purposes, and in religious ceremonies. A major source of camphor in Asia is camphor basil (the parent of African blue basil).
The molecule has two possible enantiomers as shown in the structural diagrams. The structure on the left is the naturally occurring (R)-form, while its mirror image shown on the right is the (S)-form.
Norcamphor is a camphor derivative with the three methyl groups replaced by hydrogen.

Properties Feedback
Appearance & Physical State:white crystals
Density:0.99 g/cm3
Melting Point:176-180ºC
Boiling Point:204ºC
Flash Point:64ºC
Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong reducing agents, strong oxidizing agents, chlorinated solvents. Protect from direct sunlight.
Vapor Pressure:0.225mmHg at 25°C

Safety Info Feedback
Hazard Class:4.1
Safety Statements:S16-S26-S37/39
HS Code:2914299000
Packing Group:III
RIDADR:UN 2717 4.1/PG 3
Risk Statements:R11; R36/37/38
Hazard Codes:F; Xi


Synthesis Route Total: 103 Synthesis Route
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