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Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO 4), also known as LFP, is a compound used in lithium iron phosphate batteries (related to Li-Ion batteries). It is targeted for use in power tools, electric vehicles and solar energy installations. It is also used in OLPC XO education laptops.
Most lithium batteries (Li-ion) used in 3C (computer, communication, consumer electronics) products use cathodes of other lithium molecules, such as lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO 2) lithium manganese oxide (LiMn 2O 4) and lithium nickel oxide (LiNiO 2). The anodes are generally made of carbon.
The annual production of lithium carbonate available to the automotive industry is estimated at only 30,000 tonnes in 2015. While a natural lithium iron phosphate mineral exists (triphylite) issues with purity and structure make it unsuitable for use in batteries.

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Appearance & Physical State:grey/black powder
Melting Point:>300ºC(lit.)

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